A retired U.S. car worker has been charged with more than 29,000 counts of accessory to murder for his time as a guard at the Nazis' Sobibor death camp.
John Demjanjuk, 88, will face trial in Germany with prosecutors now seeking his extradition from the U.S.
'In this capacity, he participated in the accessory to murder of at least 29,000 people of the Jewish faith,' Munich prosecutors said in a statement today.
Kurt Schrimm, Germany's chief war crimes investigator, said new files and witnesses provided 'a great chance' to make Demjanjuk 'face up to the responsibility for his crimes'.
Dr Schrimm says he can prove that the man born Ivan Demjanujuk served in Sobibor extermination camp, which was in Nazi-occupied Poland, for six months in 1943.
To give a sense of the scale of the killings carried out there between March 1942 and October 1943 an estimated 250,000 people were murdered.